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Old 01-14-2009, 01:43 PM
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Default Oceania 4th archive (source: Nick Dowding)

Fiji Army 2004
(incomplete)
Nick Dowling
Army Headquarters (Suva)
Special Operations Company(???)
Engineer Battalion
1 Battalion, The Fiji Infantry Regiment
2 Battalion, The Fiji Infantry Regiment (Northern Sector, Sinai)
3 Battalion, The Fiji Infantry Regiment
4 Battalion, The Fiji Infantry Regiment (Territorial Reservists)
5 Battalion, The Fiji Infantry Regiment (Territorial Reservists)
6 Battalion, The Fiji Infantry Regiment (Territorial Reservists)
7 Battalion, The Fiji Infantry Regiment (Territorial Reservists)
8/9 Battalion, The Fiji Infantry Regiment (Territorial Reservists)

Fiji Army
Leigh Ingram-Seal
2002 had 3 200 regular army personnel
Organised in Fijian Infantry Regiment [ F.I.R.]
= 3 regular Light Infantry Battalions [ called Regiments ]
[ 2 deployed overseas with United Nations ]
organised in
3 Rifle Infantry Companies
1 Administration Company
1 Logistics Company
1st Battalion , F.I.R., based UN Lebanon since 1978
established in 1978 as regular unit
raised in 1950 for service in Malaya
in 2004 normally has 500 to 700 personnel
including 120 to 150 territorial troops
remainder are regulars

2nd Battalion, F.I.R. , based MFO Sinai since 1982
established in 1982 as regular unit
understrength ,with 340 personnel
in 1 Headquarters Company
1 Support Company
3 Rifle [ Infantry ] Companies
3rd Battalion , F.I.R.,
raised in 1942 , demobilised in 1945
in 1982 re established as territorial unit
established in 1987 as regular unit
based at Queen Elizabeth Barracks
as Suva Command Battalion
with 700 personnel ,reserve unit
largest peacetime regular Battalion
comprise 4 Rifle Companies
1 Support Company
1 Logistics Company
Battalion Headquarters Company
= 3 nominal Territorial Infantry Battalions
maintained at 1 regular company strength ,cadre
each capable of deploying 1 Platoon
at Nadi ,Edinburgh Barracks
4th Battalion, F.I.R.
established in 1987
with 1 regular Infantry Company
Lautoka
5th Battalion, F.I.R.
Established in 1988
With 1 regular Infantry Company
Nausori
Labasa , Sukanaivula Barracks
7th/8th Battalion , F.I.R.
with 1 Regular Infantry Company
6th Battalion F.I.R. [ established in 1991 ]
7th Battalion F.I.R. [ established in 1995 ]
8th Battalion F.I.R. [ established in 1999 ]
= Engineer Regiment [ R.D.E.U. ] .
with 500 personnel
bulk based in Suva
Headquarters at Nabuni , Queen Elizabeth Barracks
With Support Squadron
Trade Training School
Established in 1974
Has 85 personnel
doing 12 months training course
2 Engineer Construction Squadrons
Search & Explosives Ordnance Demolition Team
[ E.O.D. ]
Assault Pioneer Platoon
Of 1 regular Engineer Company [ Squadron ]
With at least 55 personnel
Rural Development Squadron
With 250 personnel
used on civic aid duties ,construction
in rural areas
= Special Operations [ Zulu ] Company
with120 personnel
part of 3rd Infantry Battalion
Small elite special forces ,quick reaction unit
Based at Nabua Barracks
= Officer Training School [ O.T.S.]
established in 1990
based at Vatuwaga
= Force Training Group [ F.T.G.]
annual intake of 100 recruits/ trainees
based at Nasinu [ since 1987
formerly known as R.F.M.F. School
Established in April 1971
Under command of a Captain
in 1978 renamed 1 F.I.R. Depot Training Centre
In 1987 renamed Army Training Group [ A.T.G. ]
= Field Maintenance Workshop [ F.M.W.]
= Logistic Support Unit [ L.S.U.]
with at least 55 personnel
formerly known as RFMF Headquarters Company
and a company sized unit
in 1987 expanded to Battalion strength and renamed
organised in 7 units
Ordnance Company
Medical Company
Operates Military Hospital
Transport Company
Supply Company
Catering Company
Maintenance Company
Defense Platoon
= Headquarters Land Force Command
with at least 55 personnel
= Maintenance Unit
= 1 Ceremonial Artillery Troop [ Saluting Battery ]
= Military Intelligence
semi autonomous, internal security role
= Military Police Corps
= R.F.M.F. Medical Centre
= R.F.M.F. Band
established in 1918 as regular unit
Platoon sized unit [ around 30 personnel ? ]
= Counter Revolutionary Warfare Unit [ C.R.W. ]
[ 1st Meridian Squadron ]
small elite independent special forces unit
with 60 personnel , personal loyalty to Colonel Raubuka
based at Nabusa Barracks
armed with 9mm Uzi SMG
5.56mm Galil rifles
NB: involved in May 2000 coup
November 2000 Mutiny
Disbanded in 2000
equiped with
[ 4 ] 25 Pounder Field Guns
[ ceremonial saluting role ]
[ 10 to 12 ] 81mm mortars
[ 1100+ ] 5.56mm M-16 rifles
[ standard infantry weapon ]
7.62mm FN FAL rifles
5.56mm Daewoo K 2 rifles [ M-16 copy ]
[ some ] AK-47 rifles
[ some ] 5.56mm Galil rifles
[ some ] .303 Lee Enfield rifles
7.62mm M60 Machine guns
5.56mm Ultimax-100 light machine guns
[ 103 ] US 40mm grenade launchers

[ some ] 9mm Uzi SMG
9mm H & K MP 5 SMG
.45 M1911 pistols
[ some ] Greener shotguns
[ 53 ] French Trucks
LandRovers

Papua New Guinea
Leigh Ingram-Seal
Australian Military Personnel
In 1975 had 490 officers/ specialised NCOs aiding PNGDF
Including Army units
1 Field Engineering Survey Squadron
1 Recce Squadron
1 Squadron Workshop
1979 had 140 military personnel
1988 had 30 military personnel ,
mostly in the PNGDF Air Transport Squadron
2004 had 38 military personnel in training role
Local security forces
= “P.N.G. Department of Defence”
based at Port Moresby [ Murray Barracks ]
200 personnel
Includes
Defense Intelligence Branch [ D.I.B. ]
Organised into
Directorate of Strategic Defense Intelligence
[ civilian personnel
[ responsible for strategic assessment
Directorate of Military Intelligence
[ military personnel
[ supports PNGDF

=” Papua New Guinea Defence Force” [P.N.G.D.F.]
established in 1973
poorly trained badly equiped with low morale and ageing personnel
regular volunteer., poorly disciplined , ineffective
under command of a Brigadier
with 6 Colonels
21 Lieutenant-Colonels
88 Majors
authorised strength of 5 200 military personnel
including 375 officers
250 trainees
in 2000 had 4 300 regular military personnel
P.N.G.D.F. Headquarters in Port Moresby [ Murray barracks ]
With 200 military personnel [ 180 Land,
20 Maritime ]
Infantry Brigade sized HQ staff
Operate 6 major bases
At Port Moresby [ 3 ]
= Murray Barracks
= Taurama Barracks
= Goldie River Training Depot [ built in 1965 ]
Wewak [ Maem Barracks]
Lae [ Igam Barracks ]
Lombrum [ Manus Island ] opened in 1951
With 160 vehicles [ 110 transport and 50 support vehicles ]
13 sea going vessels
9 aircraft
= “P.N.G.D.F. Land Force”
in 2002 had authorised strength of 3 800 military personnel
including 1 900 combat troops]
organised in
= 2 regular Infantry Battalions [ 1R.P.I.R., and 2 R.P.I.R.]
each had a authorised strength of 750 military personnel
each made up of
3 Rifle [ Infantry] Companies
with 110 to 120 strong
each company supposed to have 6 to 7 light machine
guns
but normally only 2 to 3 light machine guns available
with 3 Platoons
1 Support Company
1 Administration Company
including
1 Medical Platoon [ with 30 personnel ]
Pioneer Platoon
Supply Platoon
Signals Platoon/Squadron
Band
1 Reconnaissance Platoon
[ with 30 personnel
[ capable special forces trained
[ better armed and equiped than normal ]
NB: 1 Royal Pacific Islands Regiment [ 1.R.P.I.R.]
Had a actual strength of 430 in 1995
Based at Port Moresby [ Taurama Barracks ]
With 1 Infantry Company deployed at Kiunga from 1983 onwards
2 Royal Pacific Islands Regiment [ 2 R.P.I.R. ]
had a actual strength of 620 in 1995
based at Wewak
with 1 Rifle Company based at Vanimo
with 150 troops in 2002
plus 1 helicopter

= 1 Engineer Battalion
formed in 1976 from existing Engineer Company
[ established in 1973 ]
authorised strength of 540 military personnel
actual strength of 440 in 1995
based at Lae [ Igam Barracks ]
used for civic aid and construction duties
NB; can deploy 1 company as infantry
with 1 Combat Engineer Company
1 Engineer Construction Company
1 Engineer Support Company
=1 Signals Squadron
based at Port Moresby
with units at Manus Island
Lae
Port Moresby
Wewak
authorised strength of 170 military personnel
actual strength of 140 personnel in 1995
=1 Special Operations Company
proposed ?
= 1 Transport Company
with 100 military personnel
with 5 Transport Platoons
based at Lae
Wewak
Port Moresby [ at all 3 bases ]
= Workshop unit
Operate general engineering workshops
At Lae
Wewak
Port Moresby
with 90 military personnel
= Movement Unit
with 30 military personnel
= Training Depot
Based at Port Moresby [ Goldie River ]
with 130 military personnel
150 recruits on 22 week training cycle
= Trade Training Unit
Specialised technical training role
Authorised strength of 50 military personnel
Actual strength of 20 personnel in 1995
= Military Police Provost Unit
Authorised strength of 120 military personnel
Actual strength of 60 in 1995
= Defence Health Centre [ Medical ]unit
with 60 military personnel
= Preventive Medical Platoon
with 20 military personnel
= Defence Academy
with 60 military personnel
Based at Lae [ Igam Barracks ]
Formerly known as Military Cadet School [ M.C.S. ]
Established in 1968
For junior officer training
In 1974 replaced by “Joint Services College”
1974 until 1988 renamed
Armouries at Taurama Barracks
Murray Barracks
Igam Barracks
Moem Barracks
Port Moresby Bulk Weapons Store
Supply Company
Ammunition Stores Depot
Equiped with
[ 5 ] Shorland S.55 Armoured vehicles
Landrovers
[ 3 ] 120mm mortars
[ 14 ] 81mm mortars [ 7 mortars with each Infantry Battalion
infantry weapons ,
7.62mm SLR LIAI rifles
7.62mm H & K G 3 rifles
[ 450+ ] 5.56mm M-16 rifles [ standard infantry weapon ]
[ 100 ] 5.56mm SR 88 rifles
[ 10 to 12 ] 5.56mm AUG Steyr rifles
[ 36 ] 5.56mm SA 80 rifles
[ 15 ] 5.56mm SA 80 light machine guns
[ 300 to 400 ] 5.56mm Ultimax-100 light machine guns
[ 18+ ] 7.62mm M 60 machine guns
FN MAG 58 machine guns
[ small number ] 5.56mm FN Minimi machine guns
[ small number ] FAMAS G 1 rifles
9mm Sterling SMG [ no longer in service ]
no artillery
=” P.N.G.D.F. Maritime Element”
established in 1974 November
authorised strength was 600 military personnel
in 2002 had 400 military personnel
Headquarters at Port Moresby
Bases at Port Moresby
[ Slipway, 20 military personnel based there
Manus Island
[ 20 military personnel based there ]
Minor Forward bases at Alotau
And Keita
Organised into
= Patrol Boat Squadron [ formed in 1975 ]
with 4 Patrol Boats ,
total 100 military personnel
based at Manus
with1 Patrol Boat based
at Port Moresby
Manus
Keita
Alotau
= Landing Craft Squadron [ formed in 1975 ]
with 2 Heavy Landing Craft LCH
1 Tug
total 30 military personnel]’
based at Port Moresby
= Signals Squadron
with 20 military personnel
= Explosive Ordnance Disposal Unit [ E.O. D.]
with 10 military personnel
= Small Boat Team
with 10 military personnel
capable special forces type unit, better armed
river reconnaissance and surveillance role
equiped with
[ 4 ] Pacific Forum class armed Patrol Boats [ AS1315 ]
“Tarangau” acquired new in 1987
‘”Dreger” acquired new in 1987
“Seeadler” acquired new in 1988
“Basilisk ‘ acquired new in 1989
length 32 meters ,103ft.,
weight 162 tons
armed with [ 1 ] 20mm cannon
[ 2 ] 12.7mm machine guns
each with 3 officers
& 14 enlisted crew
[ 3 ] Vosper class armed small Patrol craft
“Aitape”
“Samaria”
“Ladava”
all acquired in 1997, ex Singapore Navy
built in 1971
each with 19 crew,
length 33 meter,109ft,
weight 142 ton
armed with [ 1 ] 40mm gun
[ 1 ] 20mm cannon
[ 2 ] 12.7mm machine guns

[ 2 ] Balikpapan class armed Heavy Landing Craft [ L.C.H ]
“Buna’”,
“Salamaua”
acquired in 1974 November at independence
built in 1973, ex Australian Navy
weight 503 tons fully loaded ,
length 44 meters, 146ft long
armed with [ 2 ] 12.7mm/ 0.50 machine guns
each with 2 officers
& 11 enlisted crew
[ 1 ] Small Harbour Tug Boat
built in 1969 ex Australian navy,
acquired in 1975 by PNG
weight 48 tons , 50 feet long ,
with 3 to 4 crew ]
[ 6 ] small boats
=” P.N.G.D.F. Air Transport Squadron” [ A.T. S.]
established in 1974
based at Port Moresby [ since 1992 ,International airport ]
in 1988 had 80 military personnel
in 1995 had 120 military personnel
authorised strength was 190 military personnel
2002 had 200 military personnel
organised into 2 Transport Flights
A Flight [ equiped with Nomad aircraft]
B Flight [ equiped with Arava aircraft ]
equiped with
[ 3 ] IAI Arava light transport aircraft
[ 4 to 6 ] GAF Nomad light transport aircraft
[ 2 ] CASA CN235 transport aircraft
[ 1 ] Beech King Air VIP transport aircraft
[ 4 to 6 ] Bell UH-1 Iroquois helicopters

Papua New Guinea Defence Force
Nick Dowling
Headquarters PNGDF (Murray Barracks, Port Moresby)
Headquarters Land Element (Port Moresby)
1st Battalion, The Royal Pacific Islands Regiment (Taurama Barracks, Port Moresby)
2nd Battalion, The Royal Pacific Islands Regiment (Moem Barracks, Wewak)
PNGDF Engineer Battalion (Igam Barracks, Lae)
Combat Engineer Company
Construction Engineer Company
Engineer Support Company
PNGDF Signals Squadron
Explosive Ordinance Demolition Unit
Small Boat Teams
Headquarters Naval Element (Port Moresby)
Patrol Boat Squadron (Patrol Boat Base, Lombrum (on Manus Island) and Alotu, (in Milne Bay))
Pacific Forum Class patrol boats Tarangau, Dreger, Seeadler, Basilisk
Vosper Type patrol boats Aitape, Samaria, Ladava
Landing Craft Squadron (Landing Craft Base, Port Moresby)
Balikpapan class landing craft heavy Salamaua, Buna
4 generic small landing craft
2 small boats(?)
1 tug boat
Headquarters Air Element (Port Moresby)
Air Transport Squadron (Jackson’s Airport, Port Moresby)
Rotary Wing Element (4 UH-1H Iroquois)
Fixed Wing Element (2 CN235, 3 RV201)
Headquarters Support Element
Provost Company
Transport Company
Preventative Medical Platoon
General Engineering Workshop, Port Moresby
General Engineering Workshop, Wewak
Training Facilities
Recruit Training Depot (Goldie River Training Depot, Port Moresby)
Defence Academy (Igam Barracks, Lae)


Notes
• The Papua New Guinea Defence Force is currently in very poor condition. Its finances are in a mess, equipment serviceability is extremely low, most of its units are undermanned and, not surprisingly, morale and discipline is generally poor. To make matters worse, the PNGDF’s structure no longer meets PNGs needs, and requires streamlining – something which is being delayed by fears that personnel made redundant will mutiny.
• The Land Element is structured as an under strength brigade group. While raising a third infantry battalion has been repeatedly proposed, this has always been judged to be unaffordable.
• Each of the two infantry battalions has an authorised strength of 747 personnel. The battalions consist of:
Battalion Headquarters
Rifle Company (x 3) (authorised for 4 companies, but only 3 raised)
Support Company
Reconnaissance Platoon
Mortar Platoon (81mm mortars)
Pioneer Platoon
Signals Platoon
Administration Company
Medical Platoon
Band Platoon
Transport Platoon?
Quartermaster Platoon?
Catering Platoon?
The engineer battalion has an authorised strength of 534 personnel
As of 1996, the PNGDF had 163 vehicles, comprising 108 transport vehicles and 55 support vehicles (graders, dump trucks, etc). Serviceability was very low however, and it wasn’t uncommon for the transport company to not have any vehicles in working condition.

Last edited by Mohoender; 01-14-2009 at 10:33 PM.
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